The Utmost Discretion: How Presumed Prudence Leaves Children Susceptible to Electroshock
Cheryl van Daalen-Smith, Simon Adam, Peter Breggin, Brenda A. LeFrancois
Children & Society Volume 28, (2014) pp. 205-217
"This article examines the controversial and largely publicly undocumented practice ofadministering electroconvulsive therapy (ECT or electroshock) to children who are undergoing psychiatric treatment. Conventional psychiatric beliefs and practices are challenged, along with a presentation of the history of scientific research which questions electroshock's 'effectiveness' and outlines its brain-damaging and incapacitating effects.
As such, we provide counterarguments regarding the legitimacy of ECT as a treatment option, deconstructing the principle ofpresumed prudence in its use. Our analysis leads us to conclude that the 'principle of presumed prudence' should be eschewed in favour of the 'precautionary principle', in order to underscore and uphold the medical ethos 'to do no harm' and to ensure the application of children's rights within the psychiatric system."
c2014 John Wiley a Sons Ltd and National Childrell's Bureau
Keywords: children, electroshock, consent, psychiatry, rights, precautionary principle.
Read complete article
Scottish Crisis & Acute Care Network'Improving Pathways' conference
On 29 October 2013 in the Golden Lion Hotel, Stirling, the Scottish Crisis & Acute Care Network held its annual conference 'Improving Pathways'. Here is a link to the Conference Programme.
Carers Parliament Edinburgh
I attended the second Carers Parliament on 1 October 2013 in the Hub, Castlehill, Edinburgh, along with a hundred or more carers, about 80% of us women, and some from other countries in Europe. The Programme theme was 'Your Rights' and First Minister Alex Salmond was the surprise keynote speaker, intimating the launch that day of the Statement of Intent for Carers and Young Carers.
I was invited to write an article for the Mental Health Nursing Journal and it was published in the August/September 2013 edition, Vol 33, Number 4: 'I would like to see a reframing of psychosis'.
"I have a particular interest in the experience of psychosis or what used to be called having a nervous breakdown, and this is because I and all my close family members have experienced a psychotic episode, on one or more occasions. You might describe it as normal for us. However the challenge has always been the psychiatric inpatient treatment with its reliance on diagnoses, medication and compliance. Or labelling and disabling as I like to call it.
It's fair to say that I have never believed psychiatry, since 1970 and aged 17, when I visited my mother in the Kinnoull locked ward at Murray Royal Hospital, Perth. I knew then that something wasn't right with the treatment of mad people and that locking everyone in together couldn't be the best way of doing things. The psychiatrists said I had an old head on young shoulders when I used to meet with them to discuss my mother."
It began with Peer Support and now I'm a Writer, Activist and Campaigner
I was recently invited by the South London and Maudsley (SLaM) NHS Foundation Trust's Peer Led Recovery Project to be keynote speaker - expert from out of town - at their Peer-Led Recovery Project event 'Peer Support: How do we make it part and parcel of all our mental health services?'. It was held on 18 July in the new Maudsley Ortus Learning Centre, an impressive building and useful resource. The debate and discussion included a peer support learning network proposal.
'It began with Peer Support and now I'm a Writer, Activist and Campaigner' was the presentation title, although I diverted from the script at points and went over time (apologies Penelope). There were over 100 peers at the lunch and discussions. It was good to catch up with various folks, including some who had attended our Peer Support Fife Sharp Edge event. I'd flown down and back on the day, catching the train to Denmark Hill and walking through the Maudsley Hospital grounds, in a heatwave. Managed to grab a tea break in the morning at St Paul's, walking in the shade from Farringdon station via Smithfield Market, getting lost on the way.
Other speakers were Simon Rayner, head of Pathway at SLaM who'd organised the trip of 11 SLaM folk to Fife in 2011, and Gabrielle Richards, head of OT and lead for social inclusion, who spoke about the SLaM Recovery College.
29 November 2012 London - Save the Babies: Occupy the Royal College of Psychiatrists
I joined the protest by Speak Out Against Psychiatry on 29 November 2012 at the Hallam Conference Centre, 44 Hallam Street, London, W1W 6JJ. Arriving at about 3.15pm to see Cheryl and other brave women standing up for the rights of pregnant women and their unborn children, to be given alternatives to psychiatric drugs and ECT/shock treatment. See blog post bringing in the heavies at the perinatal psychiatry conference
Having a baby is an emotional time and it's the same after childbirth. I can testify to this, having had postatal episodes of mental ill health, in 1978 and 1984, resulting in psychiatric hospitalisation, forced treatment and numbing anti-psychotics. Which meant not being able to breastfeed or to experience the full joys of motherhood and a new baby. Childbirth for me was all about chemical induction, bringing my baby into the world on the day shift, when more nurses were on duty. Staff centred care, just like in the psychiatric system, in my opinion.
RCPsych Conference on Perinatal Psychiatry Programme
Video - Kidnapped By Psychiatry
An account of what is was like ending up in a psychiatric hospital and after trying to get away the nurses broke Cheryl's arm and threatened to give her ECT. Cheryl's eight day nightmare that still haunts her over three years later.
Pat Bracken Video on the Crisis in Psychiatry
at the Forum for Existential Psychology and Therapy
"Psychiatrist Pat Bracken speaks on the current "crisis of legitimacy in psychiatry" and the growth of the international service user movement at the Forum for Existential Psychology and Therapy in June. The root cause of the crisis is not attributable to psychopharmacology or "a few mistakes in the DSM" that more research would get right, Dr Bracken argues; the root cause lies deep in the dominant paradigm; a "modernist" agenda to frame all human problems in scientific and technological terms. Dr. Bracken supports a post-modernist view; an understanding of the limitations and dangers of such an approach, and accepting that some human problems will not be solved by science and technology, and that mental health is such a problem."
"psychiatry came into the world on the back of an act of social exclusion ... original sin already built in"
See video link from Mad in America website.
Stratheden Hospital Blog
I've started up a new blog on Stratheden Hospital, Cupar, Fife, to report on environmental improvements to the grounds. This psychiatric hospital is in a rural situation with views across the countryside. There is a mix of buildings, some very old and still in use, others empty and boarded up.
The photo shows new build wards Elmview and Muirview, for elderly patients.
Giving Psychosis a Voice Conference
A one-day conference 'Giving Psychosis a Voice 2' was held on Thursday 8 March 2012 at Dunston Hall, Norwich - understanding the experiences that have come to be called psychosis can allow people the opportunity to talk about them in relation to their lives. This event followed on from the 2010 international conference, where they explored how finding meaning in psychosis could be a fundamental way of challenging stigma. Themes for the 2012 event included: managing distress, trauma, recovery, formulation, latest research regarding psychosis and
working with people's creativity.
Dirk Corstens - Social Psychiatrist & Psychotherapist, LavOri, Maastricht
Rachel Waddingham - London Hearing Voices Project Manager
Eleanor Longden - Intervoice Scientic Board Co-ordinator
Jacqui Dillon - Chair of the UK Voice Hearers' Network
Phil Barker - Visiting Professor, Trinity College Dublin and Honorary Professor, University of Dundee
Lucy Johnstone - Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Cwm Ta Health Board
Rufus May - Clinical Psychologist - Bradford Assertive Outreach Team
Robin Murray - Professor of Psychiatric Research at the Institute of Psychiatry
See Conference Presentations
The Manifesto of a Noncompliant Mental Patient - Aubrey Ellen Shomo
Diagnosed with a psychotic disorder at eight years old, transgendered essayist Aubrey Ellen Shomo (born Justin Michael Shomo) would spend most of the next decade on neuroleptic medication - over her vocal objections - and would be hospitalized repeatedly. Upon reaching adulthood, furious with the treatment she received for so long and her own powerlessness in the face of it, she became a psychiatric survivor activist.
"I see it everywhere: People with mental illness need medication. It sounds reasonable.
Today, there are even political organizations that seek to make it easy to force a person to take it.
It's easy to look at another and assume things like that. It's human. After all, it's compassionate to help someone who isn't able to ask for help, right? They'll thank you in the long run, won't they?
No one asks why their child, or sibling or friend refuses to take their meds. Why bother? It's an illness. It's meaningless. The doctors say so. They know these things.
Have you ever questioned the logic of the phrase "She wouldn't be refusing medication if she wasn't ill"?
I am a noncompliant mental patient. I have been for years. I beg you. Ask why.
Look into my eyes and see me. Try to understand where I'm coming from. Even a crazy person has a human will.
I am someone's sibling, someone's child, and someone's friend. I could be yours ...."
This essay was first published in Open Minds Quarterly, Spring 2007 Issue.
Read Complete Essay
The management of violence in general psychiatry
'The management of violence in general psychiatry' by Sophie E. Davison, Advances in Psychiatric Treatment (2005), vol 11, 362-370:
"Abstract - There is increasing concern about the level of violence within mental healthcare settings. In this article I review what is known on this subject, discuss the relationship between mental disorder and violence and summarise the different ways to prevent and manage violence. When planning strategies to prevent violence in such settings it is important to consider not only patient risk factors but also risk factors in the environment. Staff need to have all the possible techniques for managing violent behaviour available to them in order to weigh up the risks and benefits for any specific patient in any particular situation."
Robert Whitaker Lecture Cupar Fife November 2011
Robert Whitaker, USA author of Anatomy of an Epidemic, gave a public lecture in Elmwood College, Cupar, Fife, on 19 November 2011 - see Video of event.
"According to conventional histories of psychiatry, the arrival of Thorazine in asylum medicine in 1955 kicked off a 'psychopharmacological revolution' Yet, since 1955, the disability rate due to mental illness in the United States has risen more than six-fold. Moreover, this epidemic of disabling mental illness has accelerated since 1987, when Prozac - the first of the "second-generation" drugs - arrived on the market. This increase in disability is also being seen in other countries that have embraced the use of psychiatric drugs: Canada, UK, Ireland, Iceland, Australia and New Zealand, among others. A review of the long-term outcomes literature for psychiatric medications reveals why this is so. The 'medical model' paradigm of care, which emphasises continual use of psychiatric medications, is a failed paradigm, and needs to be dramatically re-thought." Robert Whitaker
Prof Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan-Barker, who live in Fife and were born and raised here, opened and closed our event. Their Tidal Model "helps people reclaim the personal story of mental distress, by recovering their voice. By using their own language, metaphors and personal stories people begin to express something of the meaning of their lives. This is the first step towards helping recover control over their lives".
At the Sharp Edge - Peer Led Crisis Alternatives Event
Photo, right to left, Shery Mead, Chris Hansen, Karen Taylor, Ron Coleman, Jacquie Nicholson.
We organised a dialogue event on peer led crisis alternatives - At the Sharp Edge - on Tuesday 20 September 2011 in the Carnegie Conference Centre, Dunfermline. Peer Support Fife and SAMH (scottish association for mental health) hosted the occasion and over 70 delegates joined us on the day.
We welcomed guest speakers Shery Mead and Chris Hansen, USA;
Ron Coleman and Karen Taylor, Scotland, and Working to Recovery Ltd;
Fiona Venner, manager of the Leeds Survivor Led Crisis Service; Jacquie Nicholson, Manager of the Edinburgh Crisis Centre; Jan Cameron, Manager of Redhall Walled Garden.
Billy Wallace is now at Lands End!
Our friend and colleague Billy Wallace from Tynron in Dumfries & Galloway started his marathon bike ride from John O'Groats to Lands End on 4 June to promote mental health awareness and well being, challenging stigma and raising money for the charity Support in Mind Scotland.
Billy has supported many of our events by coming to Fife and taking part in workshops and training around peer support, recovery and service user involvement. He is a passionate believer in the benefits of peer support and demonstrates this by sharing his 'lived experience' with others on a voluntary basis in his home area and through the Kaleidoscope project in Dumfries.
Leeds Survivor Led Crisis Service Visit
Ross Hatten and Chrys Muirhead visited Dial House, home of the Leeds Survivor Led Crisis Service.
The main work is done out of hours with a phone helpline on evenings and a drop-in service at weekends until 2.00am. Families in crisis are welcome and many visitors are helped to cope with crisis, suicidal thoughts and self harm. More information about this project from their website - www.lslcs.org.uk
Soteria Network members Jen Kilyon and Theresa Smith are carers and activists who have worked tirelessly with many others to "promote progressive approaches to people experiencing extreme states, distress, 'breakdown' or 'psychosis'"and to fundraise for a Soteria House in the UK. See more info on website - www.soterianetwork.org.uk
Mary O'Hagan Workshop
Mary O'Hagan delivered a superb masterclass for managers and workshop for stakeholders in St Andrews, Fife, on 28 March 2011. Friends and colleagues joined us from Fife and many areas of Scotland. Roseanne Fearon, Head of Adult Services, Social Work Service, Fife Council, gave the opening address, and John Sawkins read from his book and poetry collection. There were many opportunities for learning and networking - a day to remember.
See Feedback Report and Mary's Powerpoint Presentation.
Mary O'Hagan's experience includes being an initiator of the service user movement in New Zealand, the first chair of the World Network of Users and Survivors of Psychiatry, an advisor to the United Nations and World Health Organization, and a Mental Health Commissioner for New Zealand. Mary is presently an international speaker, consultant and writer, and a thought leader on service user perspectives.
More information on Mary's websites:
London and Ireland Visits
Chrys Muirhead, PS Fife Convener, has recently travelled to London and Ireland to hear and meet innovative international speakers on mental health topics:
Goldsmiths College, University of London, was the venue for the UK film premiere of Mere Folle, crazy mother movie, based on the book History Beyond Trauma by Francoise Davoine and Jean-Max Gaudillierre.
The Parisian authors are psychoanalysts who have worked with people in crisis for over 30 years and hold advanced degrees in the classics - French, Latin and Greek literature - and doctorates in sociology.
Robert Whitaker, American investigative reporter and author, was speaking at Athlone Institute, Ireland - a presentation on the findings reported in his new book Anatomy of an Epidemic. Bob laid before us the evidence about psychiatric drugs and their propensity to create chronicity in the long term. There was an opportunity to ask questions and to meet up with Irish colleagues who are establishing a Network of Critical Voices in Mental Health.
More information about these books on the Recommended Reading page.
Solution Focused Approaches Workshop
Steve Smith, Lecturer at Robert Gordon University, facilitated a workshop on Solution Focused Approaches at Cupar, Fife, on 28 February and 1 March 2011. People who use and have used services, and their carers, participated in this event and found it to be a very useful tool in both their own recovery and in helping others to keep well.
Read about solution focused interactions on the RGU website
information about the Module Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SCQF Level 9)
and the follow-on Module Application of Solution Focused Brief Therapy to Practice.
Workshop at SCVO's The Gathering
Chrys Muirhead facilitated a workshop Having a Voice and Making a Difference at The Gathering, Scottish Council for Voluntary Sector's national event in the Edinburgh International Conference Centre on Wednesday 23 February 2011. It was good to share stories of mental health involvement and the challenges faced in participating in service design and delivery.
Tidal Newsletter Cupar Workshop
The February edition of the Tidal Newsletter from Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan-Barker contained a write up, on pages 5 and 6, of the Cupar Tidal workshop held in January 2011:
"All the stories featured in this issue of the Newsletter address reclamation, in one form or another. Each story reminds us of the personal nature of reclamation: taking back something which has a particular meaning for the person."
Prof Phil Barker book - Mental Health Ethics - is described with reviews from the Amazon website
Tidal Model Workshop Appreciation
On 20 & 21 January 2011 Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan-Barker skilfully captained a workshop over 2 days in Cupar, Fife - a journey through the Tidal Model with ports of call on the way. The recruits set sail on a voyage of discovery, having made their way from the north and the south, becoming more than participants as they considered solutions. The realisation dawned on us that, although we were travellers together, it was up to each of us to carry our own load, to be strengthened for the journey and to encourage others to do the same.
Our photo shows some of the crew and the good fun we all had!
Thanks to Phil and Poppy for an informative and thought-provoking experience, and to everyone who took part and expecially to those who were there to the finish.
A flavour of the comments:
"I had a ball listening and speaking with everyone"
"Phil and Poppy were great to listen to ... very inspiring!"
"I had a great time and the group there was excellent"
Acute Inpatient Care Workshop
Thirteen participants braved the wintry weather, coming from Dumfries, Dundee, Perth and other parts of Fife to share information and experiences at the 3rd PS Fife user carer involvment workshop in Cupar which had a focus on acute inpatient care. The guest speaker was Carolyn Little, Project Co-ordinator,
User Carer Involvement Dumfries & Galloway.
29 October User Carer Involvement Workshop
Thanks to everyone who came along and participated in our user carer involvement workshop on Friday 29 October 2010 in Cupar Old Parish Centre. There were 26 of us taking part, including guest speakers from the Highland Users Group - Graham Morgan and a HUG member who travelled from Skye, and friends from Dumfries, Glasgow, Falkirk, Crieff, Perth and Dundee. Read Graham's Talk and 29 October workshop report.
This event followed on from our Mary O'Hagan workshop in May, see 14 May feedback report, and we explored the resources, training and networks that enable the involvement of users and carers in mental health service planning and provision.
The Triangle of Care: Carers Included
The Triangle of Care - Carers Included: A Best Practice Guide in Acute Mental Health Care was launched at a reception at the House of Commons on July 28th.
The publication is the result of collaboration between The Princess Royal Trust for Carers (PRTC) and The National Mental Health Development Unit (NMHDU) and the title refers to the essential 3-way relationship between professionals, service users, their carers and families.
The guide emphasises the need for better local strategic involvement of carers and families in the care- planning and treatment of people experiencing mental ill-health and calls for better partnership working between service users, their carers and providers of services in order to achieve the best possible outcomes.
SQA Peer Support PDA Link
Here is the link on the SQA (Scottish Qualifications Authority) website to the documents relating to the Mental Health Peer Support PDA (professional development award) - www.sqa.org.uk. The Arrangements document gives various information about the rationale for the award's development, aims, delivery, learning materials etc.
The 2 new unit specifications for the Mental Health Peer Support PDA (professsional development award) - Recovery Context and Developing Practice - are Higher National (HN) units and can be undertaken individually. The learning/teaching materials are being written and the award was launched in August.
It is encouraging to note the referencing of the strengths model pioneered at the University of Kansas and Shery Mead's website MentalHealthPeers.com
Buckhaven Peer Support Workshop
Thanks to everyone who attended our recent PS Workshop in Buckhaven Community Centre funded by the Kirkcaldy & Levenmouth Local Mental Health Partnership. Chrys Muirhead facilitated and was supported by a volunteer who lives in the Levenmouth area. It was encouraging to welcome friends from Fife, Glasgow, Dumbarton and Dumfries, many of them people who are working in a peer support role and promoting the model in their areas. The sharing of experience and information was positive for everyone present.
Mary O'Hagan Workshop Went Well!
Over 40 delegates took part in our user/carer involvement workshop with Mary O'Hagan, NZ, faciliating, on 14 May 2010 in the Cupar Old Parish Centre - 'having a voice and making a difference!'. Friends joined us from the Dundee, Perth and Falkirk areas, sharing experiences of involvement from a service user and carer perspective. Mary spoke of her own experiences using services and of being a leader with others in the planning and provision of services, challenging tokenism and setting agendas rather than fitting in with decisions already made. It is hoped to have follow-up meetings, an opportunity to encourage and share experience(s).
See Mary's website and 14 May Feedback Report.
Caledonia Clubhouse Falkirk Visit
The visit arranged to the Caledonia Clubhouse in Falkirk went well, visitors were inspired by the member-led model and asked lots of appropriate questions. Thanks to Alison Ferguson, Manager, and her team for their warm welcome and hosting the visit. There were comments about how they could not differentiate between members and paid workers, the benefits of the open door policy where people can access all areas of the Clubhouse and how everyone takes part in activities, from reception work to preparing meals to learning IT skills and having a work placement or transitional employment. Here is a link to My Clubhouse Journey, an inspiring story of hope and recovery from Annette Callow, a member of the Caledonia Clubhouse, Falkirk.
Promoting Inclusion Workshop
Funding from Fife Council and NHS Fife enabled PS Fife to host a Promoting Inclusion Workshop on 10 & 11 March 2010 in the Council Chambers, Town House, Kirkcaldy - see Poster. We invited Peter Bates, Head of Mental Health and Community Inclusion at the National Development Team for Inclusion, to facilitate. Peter wrote With Inclusion in Mind, the local authority's role in promoting wellbeing and social development. In November 2008 Fife Council held an event to introduce this guidance, attended by local representatives from mental health groups, also facilitated by Peter Bates. Chrys Muirhead had presented at this event on her experience of recovery and getting back into the community.
Peer Support Workshop 24 March
We held another Workshop on Peer Support in Contact Point, Kirkcaldy, on Wednesday 24 March 2010, from 1.00pm to 4.00pm, see Programme. The previous PS workshop on 17 February went very well, 15 participants from a variety of backgrounds took part in discussions and feedback including the role of PS, definitions of recovery, benefits to those in the PS relationship and boundaries/risks.
Thanks to friends and colleagues who supported our AGM and made the evening such an interesting and enjoyable one! We have added to our committee and gained supporters with a wide range of experience, skills and insight. Thanks also go to Wendy McAuslan, VOX Development Co-ordinator, for her interactive presentation on the benefits of Peer Support to mental health and employability. We all learnt more about each other and our own strengths.
Wellness Recovery Action Plan is a self management tool for staying well and for helping you to feel better when not well. Scottish Government's mental health improvement plan, Towards a Mentally Flourishing Scotland, promotes self directed approaches to recovery and mentions WRAP.
WRAP was developed in the USA by Mary Ellen Copeland, in response to her own challenges of living with mental ill health, and in consultation with others. It helps us look at what we are like when well, what we do on a regular basis to keep well, and action plans for coping with triggers, things that happen and are outwith our control. The crisis plan is a document that can be included in the Advance Statement and shared with supporters who may be friends, colleagues or family.
What is WRAP?
Peer Support Fife Bulletin - First Issue!
'Read all about it' in our first News Bulletin, including a write-up of the United We Stand event with photographs. There are also articles on peer support, WRAP and recovery, news about funding and quotes courtesy of the Pathways to Recovery workbook from the the University of Kansas.
United We Stand 14 October 2009
More than 80 people joined us at Elmwood College, Cupar, on 14 October at our mental health networking event United We Stand, demonstrating that there is strength in unity and the importance of having a voice and making a difference. Graham Morgan MBE, keynote speaker, inspired delegates as he described the work of the Highland Users Group, mentioning the importance of 'fair and just lives' and the 'solidarity of a shared bond'.
Wendy McAuslan from the national service user organisation Voices of Experience was the final speaker, helping to gather feedback on potential development areas around networking and user/carer involvement.
Workshops numbered 14, including NHS Fife projects - Playfield Institute, Moodcafe, Gemini Team & Tidal Model developments; Angus Mental Health Association; Barony Contact Points; Fife Council Social Work Service; Going Forth SAMH; LINK Adolescent Befriending East Fife; Mental Health Network Greater Glasgow; Scotia Clubhouse & friends; User Carer Involvement Dumfries & Galloway.
Here is the Programme and Event Summary.
And a link to Graham's talk:
Graham's keynote address
Workshops on Peer Support
We are planning some awareness-raising workshops in Fife, on the Peer Support model in the mental health setting. Topics will include 'what is PS?', the benefits of PS, skills & experience required for effective PS, boundaries and risks. The first Workshop will be on 2 September at Going Forth, SAMH, Dunfermline.
IIMHL Brisbane Conference & Auckland Exchange
After 24hrs flying Chrys Muirhead has returned from her trip of a lifetime to Australia and New Zealand for the International Initiative for Mental Health Leadership conference and exchange. The main highlights - meeting mental health activists, sharing experiences and seeing some sights. There was an opportunity to attend a Peer Support workshop led by Gene Johnson of Recovery Innovations which was also attended by Cupar, Fife, colleague Christina Cooper of the TODAY Group, which provide collective advocacy in Fife for people with mental health difficulties.
More Peer Support Training
Chrys Muirhead facilitated another PS workshop at Turning Point Scotland, Glasgow which included discussions around user involvement in service design and delivery.
Peer Support Workshops in Glasgow
Chrys Muirhead delivered Peer Support one day and two day follow up workshops to service users and staff at Turning Point Scotland in Glasgow, using the 'Pathways to Recovery' workbook from the University of Kansas for activities.
First WRAP Training
On Monday 11 August 2008 the first 'Introduction to WRAP - Wellness Recovery Action Planning' workshop was held in the Rothes Halls, Glenrothes, Fife, facilitated by Chrys Muirhead and Eric Nicol, Recovery Impact Worker with Turning Point Scotland.
WRAP (Wellness Recovery Action Planning) Facilitator Training
Chrys Muirhead completed the WRAP facilitator training in Edinburgh, delivered by Stephen Pocklington, Copeland Center, and Rona McBrierty. It was an opportunity to share with others, develop relationships and hear about this user led self management tool. Further information about WRAP is on the Recovery page.
Celebrating Recovery! conference does what it says!
Celebrating Recovery at Elmwood College on 10 April 2008 was attended by over 120 people, from Scotland and England. Taking part were Chrys Muirhead, conference organiser and Convener PS Fife, opening speakers Prof Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan-Barker on their Tidal Model of recovery and reclamation; workshops from Ron Coleman, Moira Gillespie and Tommy Black, Greater Glasgow Mental Health Network, Edinburgh Crisis Centre, Horsecross Community drama group, Falkirk District Association for Mental Health with final address by Susan Archibald, disability rights activist and vote of thanks from Simon Bradstreet, Scottish Recovery Network Director.